Since the agreement does not contain binding emission targets or binding financial commitments beyond those contained in the UNFCCC and can be implemented on the basis of applicable law, President Obama has decided to approve it through executive action. Based solely on the current climate commitments of the Paris Agreement, temperatures are expected to have risen by 3.2°C by the end of the 21st century, according to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). To limit the increase in global temperature to 1.5°C, annual emissions must be below 25 gigatons (Gt) by 2030. With the current commitments of November 2019, emissions will be 56 Gt CO2e by 2030, twice as much as the environmental target. To limit the increase in global temperature to 1.5°C, it is necessary to reduce global annual emissions by 7.6% per year between 2020 and 2030. .